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Tuesday, September 18, 2012

Placing an Order Through Interactive Brokers API

This is one way to place an order through IB's API using ibPy and Python 2.7.

It places a 'SELL' order for 2 'YM' contracts with expiry '20120921'. Also, 'YM' is on the 'ECBOT' exchange, so, if you want to trade a different future check to see what its exchange is. You can't just change 'YM' to 'ES', for instance. You also have to change 'ECBOT' to 'GLOBEX'.

Also, remember to update your orderID each time you send an order. If you put this into a program you can have it auto-increment after each order. In this simple script, you'll have to do it by hand.

And, if you want to put in a limit order you can change 'MKT' to 'LMT' and make sure you put in a m_lmtPrice, i.e. a limit price. I have it commented out with '#' right now. But it's an easy adjustment.

from ib.ext.Contract import Contract
from ib.ext.Order import Order
from ib.opt import ibConnection, message

sym = 'YM'
shares = 2
action = 'SELL' 
orderID = 3

def makeStkContract(sym):
    contract = Contract()
    contract.m_symbol = 'YM'
    contract.m_secType = 'FUT'
    contract.m_expiry = '20120921'
    contract.m_exchange = 'ECBOT'
    contract.m_currency = 'USD'
    return contract

def makeStkOrder(shares,action):
    order = Order()
    order.m_minQty = shares
#    order.m_lmtPrice = limit_price
    order.m_orderType = 'MKT'
    order.m_totalQuantity = shares
    order.m_action = str(action).upper()
    return order

con = ibConnection()
#con.registerAll(watcher)
con.connect()

stkContract = makeStkContract(sym)
stkOrder = makeStkOrder(shares, action)
con.placeOrder(orderID, stkContract, stkOrder)

con.disconnect()

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